Carriance: A feminist story

Carriance: A feminist story

Muhammad Khurram

Bracha says: care-carrying—carriance—as responsibility-in-act

is what we need in a world

where trust is dead, yet

we need to trust in trust

in its presence, in its immortality: not its resurrection

because there is so much to care for

so much that we love, and are loved by

after all, matter matters, Karen says

to which, Ursula says: the bag, the net, not the spear

because we need to care-carry things, each other,

ourselves across uncertainties, violences, ever shifting

temporalities and spatialities, nourished and preserved by 

stories that carefully care-carry us 

to which, Sara says: to care is to be vulnerable

and to be vulnerable is to be anxious

about that which you care-carry

you are terrified, your breath always stuck

to which, Magdalena says: breathe, practice a feminist politics of vulnerability

because asking for help can be transformative not just for you,

but also for the one who helps, as Mia says Amoretta said

to which, I say: thank you all for reaching me,

I care-carry you all

to which, Khurram asks: dear reader, who are you care-carrying?

and will you care-carry (with) me? 

Critical commentary

This poem speaks of how care is approached by feminists by citing feminists who care about caring and carry this commitment with them. Therefore, I start with Bracha L. Ettinger’s notion of carriance. Ettinger defines carriance as simultaneously being both an attitude (caring) and an act (carrying), which means that carriance is seen as an act of responsibility towards ourselves and others. I turn to carriance because I believe that we owe it to ourselves and each other: to care-carry. What happens when we do so? We learn to tell a different story (the net, the bag) about how we carry the world and how the world carries us (matter matters). For example, Ursula Le Guin in The Carrier Bag Theory of Fiction (2019) argues that, instead of foregrounding the spear as being the heroic and violent tool that human beings used to survive, our narratives about humanity would change fundamentally if we started to tell stories about the bag that held the spear. Le Guin argues to retell our origin myths to influence our present through changing the material conditions that structure our understanding of who we are as human beings. It is exactly such materiality that Karen Barad, a theoretical physicist, draws our attention to in their book Meeting the Universe Halfway (2007), wherein they argue for an understanding of agential realism to foreground the agency of matter. Matter is not some inert mass over which humans have agency, rather matter too has its own agency. In other words, humans do not just use the spear or the net, but the spear and the net generate different affects and realities due to their existence. Therefore, Barad stresses the importance of understanding how matter comes to matter, not simply in a linguistic or symbolic manner, but in a deeply material and embodied way, which includes the affects that are engendered by these materialities. 

To address the affects that matter generates, I turn to the work of Sara Ahmed because the material dimensions of our lives are connected to our emotions and how those form us on a physical, bodily level. Particularly, I draw attention to Ahmed’s articulation of anxiety as a necessary part of carriance because the materiality of our lives includes the inevitable loss that comes with it. After all, matter is not inert, it changes. Regardless of our best intentions to care-carry, to nurture life, loss is something that we also carry with us and something that shapes us. At times it is the inevitability of loss that makes us not to care to prevent the pain that we would feel when the loss occurs. In other words, we learn just how vulnerable and anxiety-inducing caring can be because we are afraid that we will not be able to carry those we care for and will not be carried by them. This sense of vulnerability is frightening and suffocating due to which we teach ourselves that it is better not to feel, not to care. There’s only so much a heart can take. However, a feminist politics of vulnerability demands just such a resilience from us. In being soft, in being vulnerable, in embracing the leakiness of our bodies, we challenge the dominant power structures that would have us isolated, individualized, and living without regard for each other and ourselves. Accordingly, in talking about the anxiety attacks leaving her gasping for air, queer crip scholar Magdalena Górska argues that she did find strength in being vulnerable. Her anxiety attacks led to her embodied knowledge about the socio-political situation within which she found herself gasping for air. It was suffocating and empowering to find out how in being vulnerable, she found allies who sought to bring socio-political change to make breathing easier for marginalized bodies. Similarly, Mia Birdsong also tells a story of how we need to give permission to ourselves to ask for help because she learned from      Amoretta Morris that sometimes in helping others we learn to be vulnerable. We learn to give shape to our loss and pain as we help give shape to another’s pain. Through this process we transform ourselves for the better by recognizing how we do not and cannot live an individualized life cut off from others: we need to care-carry each other. With my poem, I hope that we care-carry, learn to care-carry ourselves and each other.


As an Aries Sun with Mercury in Taurus, Khurram has a deep and lasting sense of loyalty once nurtured. Coincidentally, he’s also a graduate student of Gender Studies at University of Łódź, Poland, and University of Utrecht, Netherlands. His research interests are informed by, and grounded in, Cultural Studies, Literary Studies, and New Materialism, all with a pinch of Psychotherapy.


Ahmed, S. (2014). The cultural politics of emotion. New York; London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Barad, K. (2007). Meeting the universe halfway: quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning. Durham; London: Duke University Press.

Górska, M. (2016). Breathing matters: feminist intersectional politics of vulnerability. Linköping: LiU-Tryck.

Hachette Books. (2020). How we show up: a conversation with Mia Birdsong and Dani McClain. [Video]. Available at: [Accessed 1 March 2022].

Kaiser, B. M. and Thiele, K. (2018). If you do well, carry! The difference of the humane: an interview with Bracha L. Ettinger. philoSOPHIA, 8(1), pp.101–125. [Online]. Available at: https://doi:10.1353/phi.2018.0005 [Accessed 1 March 2022].

Le Guin, U. K. (2019). The carrier bag theory of fiction. London: Ignota.